SECURITY STATE OF NIGERIA AND ITS EFFECTS ON SCHOOLS AND STUDENTS

SECURITY STATE OF NIGERIA AND ITS EFFECTS ON SCHOOLS AND STUDENTS

   In recent times, there has been a rising wave of security threats to schools ranging from abductions, to banditry, to clashes caused by agitations for self determination. These threats have led to several deaths of students, missing students and students dropping out of schools. 

   From December 2020 to July 2021, almost 1000 students have been reportedly kidnapped from their schools by insurgents and suspected bandits. Cases of abductions of school students didn't just start recently, the first high profile case of abduction school students recorded was in April 2014. On April 14, 2014, 276 young schoolgirls were kidnapped from their dormitories in Chibok, Born State at the time they were writing their high school final examination. About 57 of them escaped on while being transported. Several others have been released but till date over a 100 are missing.

    Abduction of students doesn't seem to cease despite government efforts but gets worse as the insurgents are more daring. 

A BRIEF ON RECENT ABDUCTION CASES:

  • December 11, 2020: Gunmen attack a Government boys science secondary school in Kankara LGA of kastina and abducted more than 500 students. 344 of these abducted students regained their freedom on December 17th 2020 after successful negotions. 
  • On February 17, 2021 bandits abduct 27 students and 15 others at Government science school, Kagara, Niger State.
  • February 25 2021, 317 schoolgirls were abducted from a Government Girls secondary school, Jangebe, Nassarawa state. 
  • 20th April 2020, 20 students and 2 staffs were kidnapped from Greenfield University located in Chikun LGA, Kaduna State. This attack is still regarded by many as the deadliest one. Out of the students kidnapped, 5 were killed and a staff was also killed. On the 23rd of April, 3 students were killed and their bodies were found in Kwanan Bature village, a village near their school. 26th April, two more students were killed. On the 1st of may, a student was released after his parents paid an undisclosed ransom. 29th May, 14 students were released. 
  • July 5 2021, 140 students were kidnapped from Bethel Baptist High school, Chikun LGA,  Kaduna State. 
  Due to these recent kidnappings, several schools have shut down just to avoid more students being kidnapped. This would drastically have effect on these students' education as they wouldn't be able to continue learning till whenever their schools reopens. 

IMPACT OF THESE ATTACKS ON SCHOOL CHILDREN:

     "What are the impacts of these attacks on students?" is a question on everyone's mind. 
  • POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD): Students who have been violently abducted or have stayed in captivity of their abductors for a long time tend to live in fear, feel stressed, have bad thoughts and nightmares because of their traumatic experiences with their abductors. They have to be properly taken care of so it won't degenerate into PTSD.
  • SCHOOLS NOT REOPENED: As a result of the attacks, some schools have still not reopened due to the damage the attacks have done on the school or the fear of these insurgents coming back to attack its school children. The continuous shutdown of these schools puts the education these children.
  • TEENAGE MARRIAGE/PREGNANCY: Since these attacks began, the rate of teenage pregnancy  is now higher than before as some of these insurgents impregnates these girls. Some parents too have turned to giving out their children in marriage after their children's schoolmate have been kidnapped just to guarantee their safety. 
  • FEAR: Some students whose schoolmates have been kidnapped or students who have been released nurse the fear of going back to school, they believe if they go these insurgents might come back for them. 
  • * Some students are still missing. 
  • * Some students are dead. 

YOU CAN ALSO READ>>> CULTISM IN NIGERIA UNIVERSITIES

GEOPOLITICAL ZONES AND AND MAJOR SECURITY THREATS REGARDING STUDENTS:

  • NORTH CENTRAL (Niger State, Benue State, Plateau State, Nassarawa State, Kwara State, FCT): Two of the states under this geopolitical zone, Niger State and  Nassarawa State has had cases of kidnapping of students. Though conscious efforts are being implemented by FG and the school authorities to curb them. 
  • NORTH EAST (Bauchi State, Borno State, Taraba State, Adamawa State, Gombe State and Yobe State): This part of the country also has challenges with insurgency and this also affects school children. Due to insurgency in this part of the country, a lot of children are out of school, some are missing, some are dead and some school are yet to be reopened as a result of the thorough damage the attacks of insurgents have on them. 
  • NORTH WEST (Zamfara State, Sokoto State, Kaduna State, Kebbi Stare(Zamfara State, Sokoto State, Kaduna State, Kebbi State, Kano State, Jigawa State): This part of the country has had the most cases of high profile kidnapping of students. Though some have been released after ransom was paid, some have been killed, some are out of school and some schools are still closed down because of fears of the kidnappers returning to harm more students. 
  • SOUTH EAST (Enugu State, IMO State, Ebonyi State, Aviation State, Anambra State): In this part of the country, there have been no cases of direct attacks by insurgents on schools but the agitations for self determination (IPOB NATION)  is a security threat to students as there are sometimes clashes between IPOB members and the military/policemen. 
  • SOUTH SOUTH (Bayelsa State,  Akwa Ibom State, Edo State, Rivers State, Cross River State, Delta State): In this region, there have been Niger Delta crisis which started due to the government's negligence of the Niger Delta environment. This crisis is big security threat to students who study in this areas. Cultists attacks are also a threat for students whose schools are located in affected areas. 
  • SOUTH WEST( Oyo State, Osun State, Ondo State, Ekiti State, Ogun State, Lagos State): In this region, the Fulani herdsmen attacks have been a major issue of recent and this is  a security threat to students. 

IN CONCLUSION: There is no geopolitical zone that is not faced with security challenges but some are safer than the others.

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